How to Create a Chatbot with Python

How to build a Python chatbot for Telegram in 9 simple steps

how to build chatbot using python

Finally, in line 13, you call .get_response() on the ChatBot instance that you created earlier and pass it the user input that you collected in line 9 and assigned to query. After data cleaning, you’ll retrain your chatbot and give it another spin to experience the improved performance. Python, a language famed for its simplicity yet extensive capabilities, has emerged as a cornerstone in AI development, especially in the field of Natural Language Processing (NLP). Its versatility and an array of robust libraries make it the go-to language for chatbot creation.

The quality and preparation of your training data will make a big difference in your chatbot’s performance. In this Python data science project, we understood about chatbots and implemented a deep learning version of a chatbot in Python which is accurate. You can customize the data according to business requirements and train the chatbot with great accuracy.

how to build chatbot using python

You can also check Redis Insight to see your chat data stored with the token as a JSON key and the data as a value. We created a Producer class that is initialized with a Redis client. We use this client to add data to the stream with the add_to_stream method, which takes the data and the Redis channel name. You can try this out by creating a random sleep time.sleep(10) before sending the hard-coded response, and sending a new message. Then try to connect with a different token in a new postman session. Chatbots are revolutionizing various industries, making customer support, e-commerce, healthcare, finance, and other areas more efficient.

How to Generate a Chat Session Token with UUID

GL Academy provides only a part of the learning content of our pg programs and CareerBoost is an initiative by GL Academy to help college students find entry level jobs. It is also evident that people are more engrossed in messaging apps than simply passing through various social media. Hence, Chatbots are proving to and can be a lot of revenue to the businesses. With the increase in demand for Chatbots, there is an increase in more developer jobs. Many organizations offer more of their resources in Chatbots that can resolve most of their customer-related issues.

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On Windows, you’ll have to stay on a Python version below 3.8. ChatterBot 1.0.4 comes with a couple of dependencies that you won’t need for this project. However, you’ll quickly run into more problems if you try to use a newer version of ChatterBot or remove some of the dependencies.

How to Create a Chat Bot in Python

One of the lesser-known features of language models such as GPT 3.5 is that the conversation occurs between several roles. We can identify the user and the assistant, but there is a third role called system, which allows us to better configure how the model should behave. From here, you can check the more advanced tutorial on the web, and start creating your AI chatbot Python. Finally, you have created a chatbot and there are a lot of features you can add to it. To extract the named entities we use spaCy’s named entity recognition feature.

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The answer_callback_query method is required to remove the loading state, which appears upon clicking the button. You’ll have to pass it the Message and the currency code (you can get it from If it was, for example, get-USD, then pass USD). This method acts as long polling technology (you make a request, process the data and then start over again). To avoid reprocessing the same data, it’s recommended to use the offset parameter.

More from Arya Pandey and Chatbots Life

Each message in the list contains a role and the text we want to send to the model. To make this brief introduction to the world of LLMs, we are going to see how to create a simple chat, using the OpenAI API and its gpt-3.5-turbo model. As setting up Flask is beyond the project limitation, you can check out a simple tutorial on how to do it here. Artificial Intelligence has made not only the lives of the companies easier but that of the users as well. The fact that customers need answers instantly can give you an idea of customer’s demand.

  • After importing ChatBot in line 3, you create an instance of ChatBot in line 5.
  • Then we create a new instance of the Message class, add the message to the cache, and then get the last 4 messages.
  • Regardless of IDE you must install the correct libraries and python version in your development environment for this to work.
  • The intent is the key and the string of keywords is the value of the dictionary.
  • You can also select a subset of a corpus in whichever language you prefer.

In the above snippet of code, we have imported two classes – ChatBot from chatterbot and ListTrainer from chatterbot.trainers. The second step in the Python chatbot development procedure is to import the required classes. Another amazing feature of the ChatterBot library is its language independence. The library is developed in such a manner that makes it possible to train the bot in more than one programming language. Once the required packages are installed, we can create a new file ( for example).

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For the provided WhatsApp chat export data, this isn’t ideal because not every line represents a question followed by an answer. To start off, you’ll learn how to export data from a WhatsApp chat conversation. In lines 9 to 12, you set up the first training round, where you pass a list of two strings to trainer.train(). Using .train() injects entries into your database to build upon the graph structure that ChatterBot uses to choose possible replies. The call to .get_response() in the final line of the short script is the only interaction with your chatbot. And yet—you have a functioning command-line chatbot that you can take for a spin.

In the below image, I have used the Tkinter in python to create a GUI. Please note that if you are using Google Colab then Tkinter will not work. You have to use your local system/PC to use the Tkinter library. In the above image, we have created a bow (bag of words) for each sentence. Basically, a bag of words is a simple representation of each text in a sentence as the bag of its words. Tokenize or Tokenization is used to split a large sample of text or sentences into words.

In the first step only we have to import the JSON data which contains rules using which we have to train our NLP model. We have also created empty lists for words, classes, and documents. A lot of methods require additional parameters (while using the sendMessage method, for example, it’s necessary to state chat_id and text).

The above execution of the program tells us that we have successfully created a chatbot in Python using the chatterbot library. However, it is also necessary to understand that the chatbot using Python might not know how to answer all the queries. Since its knowledge and training are still very limited, we have to provide it time and give more training data to train it further.

Which algorithms are used for chatbots?

The bot uses pattern matching to classify the text and produce a response for the customers. A standard structure of these patterns is “AI Markup Language”. The responses are described in another dictionary with the intent being the key. In the first part of A Beginners Guide to Chatbots, we discussed what chatbots were, their rise to popularity and their use-cases in the industry. We also saw how the technology has evolved over the past 50 years. The easiest method of deploying a chatbot is by going on the CHATBOTS page and loading your bot.

NLP allows computers and algorithms to understand human interactions via various languages. In order to process a large amount of natural language data, an AI will definitely need NLP or Natural Language Processing. Currently, we have a number of NLP research ongoing in order to improve the AI chatbots and help them understand the complicated nuances and undertones of human conversations. You’ll achieve that by preparing WhatsApp chat data and using it to train the chatbot. Beyond learning from your automated training, the chatbot will improve over time as it gets more exposure to questions and replies from user interactions. You’ll get the basic chatbot up and running right away in step one, but the most interesting part is the learning phase, when you get to train your chatbot.

how to build chatbot using python

You can also find many tutorials online that show how to build chatbots using Python code. Rule-based chatbots, also known as scripted chatbots, were the earliest chatbots created based on rules/scripts that were pre-defined. For response generation to user inputs, these chatbots use a pre-designated set of rules.

Next, install a couple of libraries in your Python environment. You can use your desired OS to build this app – I am currently using MacOS, and Visual Studio Code. Huggingface also provides us with an on-demand API to connect with this model pretty much free of charge. You can read more about GPT-J-6B and Hugging Face Inference API.

how to build chatbot using python

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